SICILIA * SARDEGNA * TRENTINO-ALTO ADIGE * FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA * VAL D’A0STA
In accordance with Article 116 of the ltalian constitution, it is stated; That the above mentioned five regions, of the 20 regions of italy “shall benefit of particular conditions of autonomy for reasons such as cultural. ethnical or language peculiarities”
A Sicilia (Sicily)
Of all the regions that comprise Italy, Sicily covers the largest surface area with 25,708 sq. km. and currently has 5,000,000 inhabitants. It is also the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, though several much smaller islands surrounding it are also considered to be part of Sicily.
Throughout history. Sicily has been considered a crucial strategic location due in large part for Mediterranean trade routes.
Sicily is considered to be highly rich in its own unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, cuisine, architecture and even language. The Sicilian economy is largely based on agriculture and tourism, as its natural beauty is highly regarded. Sicily also holds significant importance for its archeological and ancient sites. Sicily has 9 internal provinces.
B Sardegna (Sardinia)
Is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. The area of Sardegna is 24,090 sq. km. Its population is comprised of 1,655,000 people.
Sardegna has been inhabited for many thousand years. in 1979 human remains were found that were dated to 150,000 BC. In Prehistory. the inhabitants developed a trade in obsidian (a kind of volcanic glass) that was used for the production of stone age tools, a product that brought the Sardinians into contact with other people of the Mediterranean. Dried grapes recently found have been DNA tested and proved to be the oldest grapes in the world, dating back to 1200 BC. Cannonau wine is made from these grapes. Sardegna has 8 internal provinces.
The island contains numerous extraordinary tourist areas and is famous for its beaches.
C Trentino Alto Adige
The region was part of Austria-Hungary (and its predecessor the Austrian Empire). Located in northern Italy it borders Austria to the north and Switzerland to the north-west. its area covers 13,619 sq. km.
During the ﬁrst world war, major battles were fought between Italy and Austria in the high mountains and with the collapse of the Austrian forces, the Italians occupied the region and in 1918 the area was awarded to Italy in the post war treaties.
The fertile valleys produce wine, fruit, dairy products and timber. Tourism is an important source of revenue and the region is renowned for its winter skiing. Here there are 2 internal provinces.
D Friuli – Venezia Giulia
Its area is 7,856 km. sq. and is home to 1.2 million people. Located in north-eastern Italy it borders the republics of Austria and Slovenia and has 111 km. of coastline to the Adriatic Sea. The region was created following world war ll to solve the problems with Austria and Yugoslavia over the port of Trieste having had a contested ownership for decades.
Agriculture provides corn, grapes, sugar beets and cheese. Cattle breeding is also an important industry. it is also the home of furniture production and grappa wine. Here there are 4 internal provinces.
E Val d ’Aosta
Located in north-western Italy, its area is 3,263 km sq., with a population of only 120,000 people. It is the smallest, least populated region of Italy. it is the only Italian region without provinces. The weather here is the worst in Italy. The foggy season starts in October and ends in May. Average temperatures in the Pian Rosa at 3400 meters high are -20 degrees in winter and 35 degrees in July.